why should one fast on the day of ashura

Answered QuestionsCategory: Aqidawhy should one fast on the day of ashura
zoheeb iqbal asked 2 years ago
1 Answers
DarulIfta_Scotland_456 Staff answered 2 years ago

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh. 

  1. 1.     Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam encouraged fasting on the day of Ashura.

صِيَامُ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ، أَحْتَسِبُ عَلَى اللهِ أَنْ يُكَفِّرَ السَّنَةَ الَّتِي قَبْلَهُ
And fasting on the Day of Ashura, for indeed I anticipate that Allah will expiate (the sins of) the year before it.1 
سُئِلَ عَنْ صِيَامِ يَوْمِ عَاشُورَاءَ فَقَالَ: «مَا عَلِمْتُ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ صَامَ يَوْمًا يَطْلُبُ فَضْلَهُ عَلَى الْأَيَّامِ إِلَّا هَذَا الْيَوْمَ وَلَا شَهْرًا إِلَّا هَذَا الشَّهْرَ
Hazrat Ibn Abbas was asked about observing of fast on the day of Ashura, whereupon he said: 
I do not know Allah’s Messenger singling out any day’s fast and considering it more excellent than another, except this day (the day of Ashura) and this month, (meaning the month of Ramadan.)2
When fasting on the day of Ashura, it is also advisable to fast one day before or one day after the day of Ashura to avoid imitating the Jews.3

  1. 2.    Shariah encourages exchanging of gifts.

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said,
تَهَادُوا تَحَابُّوا
Give gifts and you will love one another. 4 
تَهَادَوْا فَإِنَّ الهَدِيَّةَ تُذْهِبُ وَحَرَ الصَّدْرِ، وَلَا تَحْقِرَنَّ جَارَةٌ لِجَارَتِهَا وَلَوْ شِقَّ فِرْسِنِ شَاةٍ 
Give gifts, for indeed the gift removes bad feelings from the chest. And let the neighbour not look down upon (the gift of) her neighbour, even if it be the lower shanks of sheep. 5 
The exchanging of gifts is not specific and confined to the 10th of Muharram. However, we are encouraged to be more generous on our family and dependents on the 10th of Muharram.
Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said,
” مَنْ وَسَّعَ عَلَى عِيَالِهِ يَوْمَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَسَّعَ اللهُ عَلَيْهِ فِي سَائِرِ سَنَتِهِ
Whoever generously spends on his dependents on the day of Aashura, Allah Ta’ala will expand his sustenance (Baraqah) for the rest of that year. 6
We have conducted a detailed research on the authenticity of this hadith. Kindly see the footnotes and the attached link, http://askimam.org/public/question_detail/39208
And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best
Huzaifah Deedat
Student Darul Iftaa
Lusaka, Zambia
Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.